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Crops Biotech Update


SCIENTISTS IDENTIFY HOW PLANTS SENSE TEMPERATURE

The mechanism of plant response to temperature has been elusive to scientists. Dr. Meng Chen, associate professor of cell biology at the University of California, Riverside said that it is important to understand how plants respond to temperature to predict not only future food availability but also develop new technologies to help plants cope with increasing...

APPROVAL OF MONSANTO'S GM COTTON SEED PATENT TO BOOST INDIA'S BIOTECH INDUSTRY

India's Supreme Court has approved Monsanto's claim on the patents of its genetically modified (GM) cotton seeds, reversing an earlier verdict by the New Delhi High Court. The decision has been well-received by international agricultural companies such as Bayer, Dupont Pioneer, and Syngenta, while major farmers' organizations in the country have also expressed their support as...

EFSA: GM MAIZE (MON 89034X1507XMON 88017X59122XDAS-40278-9) AND SOYBEAN (A2704-12) ARE SAFE FOR RELEASE

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) released scientific opinions on the assessment of GM maize (MON 89034x1507xMON 88017x59122xDAS-40278-9) and soybean (A2704-12) concluding that both are safe for release.   The five-event stack GM maize and their subcombinations were subjected to molecular characterization, comparative analysis (agronomic, phenotypic and compositional characteristics) and toxicological, allergenicity, and nutritional assessments, and found that the...

META-ANALYSIS OF SOIL ENZYMATIC RESPONSES TO BT CROPS

Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and partners conducted a global meta-analysis examining the responses of soil enzymatic activity to Bt crops. The results are published in the Science of the Total Environment.   The researchers initially quantified the responses of soil enzymatic activity to Bt crop cultivations with or without Bt residues incorporation. Then they explored...

GM POTATO SHOWS IMPROVED COLORADO POTATO BEETLE RESISTANCE

One of the common ways to resist insect attacks in crops is the cultivation of Bt crops. A study suggested an alternative strategy using RNA interference (RNAi) to counter Colorado potato beetle (CPB) attack in potato plants. The results are published in Transgenic Research.   Scientists from Nigde Omer Halisdemir University in Turkey conducted a study to...

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ISAAA ANNOUNCES NEW SEASIACENTER DIRECTOR

The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) announces the appointment of Dr. Rhodora Romero-Aldemita as the new ISAAA SEAsiaCenter Director based at the International Rice Research Institute, in the Philippines.   Dr. Aldemita has been working with ISAAA since 2007. She is a multi-awarded crop scientist with knowledge and experience accumulated over the years on...

FORECAST: GLOBAL AGRI-BIOTECH MARKET SIZE TO GROW SIGNIFICANTLY IN THE NEXT 4 YEARS

Technavio reports that the global agricultural biotechnology market will grow by almost USD 21.2 billion during 2018-2022. In the report published in December 2018, Technavio, a market research company that has published reports on major technology markets, stated that the global agricultural biotechnology market will be accelerating in the next four years, growing at an annual...

USDA: NO GMOS DETECTED, NO LABELING

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) through Secretary Sonny Perdue announced the National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard on December 20, 2018. The National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Law, passed by Congress in July 2016, directed USDA to establish this national mandatory standard for disclosing foods that are or may be bioengineered (BE).   The Standard defines bioengineered foods...

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS PROTEIN EXPLAINED IN DETAIL

An international research team has solved the structure and explained the function of photosynthetic complex I, the membrane protein complex which plays a major role in dynamically rewiring photosynthesis.   In plant cells, complex I is used in two places: one is in mitochondria, the cell's power plants, the other is in chloroplasts, where photosynthesis occurs. In...

MULTIDISCIPLINARY STUDY TRACES MOVEMENT OF MAIZE IN SOUTH AMERICA

A new study led by Logan Kistler, curator of archaeobotany and archaeogenomics at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History reveals that while maize originated from Mexico with the domestication of the ancient grass teosinte, the trajectory of teosinte's evolution may be more complex than previously thought.   The study analyzed the genomes of more than 100...

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